The Well Diversified Garden

Waterwise gardens thrive above 7000' in Colorado - no Lawn Here

Waterwise gardens thrive above 7000′ in Colorado – no Lawn Here.

Take a drive around almost any neighborhood in the USA, and you’ll see the same thing. Yards are all green and boring, each having a nicely mown lawn, a few shrubs, some juniper or other pine trees, a nice ornamental tree or two and some petunias or other annuals for color. Then every once in a while your eyes will be drawn to a yard that is different – and it’s easy to see why – it has many types of flowers, herbs, shrubs and trees with a small but functional area given to grass. These two types of yards are different in many ways, with the first relying on us to take care of it, and the second taking care of itself.

Permeable pathways that are criss-crossed with thymes and veronicas keep out weeds and let air, water, and nutrients get to the plants roots

Permeable pathways that are criss-crossed with thymes and veronicas keep out weeds and let air, water, and nutrients get to the plants roots.

The first type of yard represents a monoculture of plants, while the second has diversity. A monoculture exists when the same type of plant is used extensively in a given space, whether that is a garden, a yard, a neighborhood or a city. It’s kind of like putting all of your money into one stock. When the stock is performing well, life’s good. But when the stock tanks you potentially lose everything. The plant kingdom is the same.

Lodgepole Pine forests turned red with dead trees from pine beetles above Dillon Reservoir, Colorado

Lodgepole Pine forests turned red with dead trees from pine beetles above Dillon Reservoir, Colorado.

Plant hundreds or thousands of the same type of tree, and if a pest or disease comes along that is specific to that tree, all the trees you planted will die. The deadly plight of the Elms in the East and Midwest, and the Ponderosa and Lodgepole Pines in the Rocky Mountains are great examples. Millions of Kentucky Blue Grass lawns suffer every year from pests and diseases that thrive in the monoculture that is the American lawn. So, to keep them looking perfect we rely on lots of artificial fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides and reach for the “bug spray” whenever a blade of grass is inflicted with something.

A functional and recreational bit of non-irrigated lawn, Turf-Type Tall Fescue under Ponderosa Pines

A functional and recreational bit of non-irrigated lawn, Turf-Type Tall Fescue under Ponderosa Pines.

What makes a diversified garden/yard better than a monoculture? There are many things – sustainability, pest and disease resistance, providing food for many types of insects, birds, wildlife and people, feeding the “soil web”, better use of water resources, and little to no dependence on fertilizer, pesticides and herbicides.

Waterwise gardens are far easier to take care of on a slope than trying to mow grass!

Waterwise gardens are far easier to take care of on a slope than trying to mow grass!

Designing a well diversified garden is easier than you might think, and costs less in the long run than large swaths of green grass. Most importantly, a diversity of plants is much better for you, your neighborhood and the planet. Having many different plants does not just mean throwing a bunch of them together and calling it a garden.

Gardens like these are packed with perennials, groundcovers and herbs, so no room for weeds

Gardens like these are packed with perennials, groundcovers and herbs, so no room for weeds.

As with all the best garden designs, planning before planting is one of the most important things you need. You need to choose plants that encourage pollinators, provide food and shelter for beneficial insects, and cover the ground with living mulch that prevents weeds. Beneficial insects and pollinators are extremely important inhabitants of a well diversified garden, because they take care of most other problems. In our world where 96% of the insects are either beneficial or benign it makes no sense to spray insecticides to eliminate pests, when the “good bugs” are always hungry for supper!

Planting for pollinators of all types helps to ensure flowers provide lots of food, even when you don't have full sun.

Planting for pollinators of all types helps to ensure flowers provide lots of food, even when you don’t have full sun.

When designing your garden or yard it’s important to have enough different types of plants to help control pests, provide food, and still be beautiful. For each plant you want to include in your garden, ask yourself 4 things: 1) Does the plant provide food, shelter, or pollen? 2) Does the plant have natural resistance to pests and/or diseases? 3) Does the plant provide more than one season of interest? 4) Can the plant thrive without lots of supplemental water once it is established? If you answered “yes” for at least 3 of these questions, consider the plant for your garden or yard. If not, move on to the next plant. There are literally thousands of plants that will have “yes” answers and will grow in our planting zones, so take the time to seek them out and plant them! Who knows, you might not even miss that sea of green that was once your front lawn.

A small, shady section of my lawn-less front yard.

A small, shady section of my lawn-less front yard.

So, what have you done to diversify your gardens and yards? I’d love to hear your suggestions and successes!

The article above was originally written by me and published in the October 2009 Edition of Our Community News and also at www.gardeningfornature.com.

© 2012, Kathy Green. All rights reserved. This article is the property of BeautifulWildlifeGarden.com We have received many requests to reprint our work. Our policy is that you are free to use a short excerpt which must give proper credit to the author, and must include a link back to the original post on our site. Please use the contact form above if you have any questions.

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Comments

  1. says

    All good points, Kathy, and nice pictures, too. Mentioning diversity “two types of yards are different in many ways, with the first relying on us to take care of it, and the second taking care of itself” that is a very important distinction. Also, I think it is easier for gardeners in the West to embrace native plants, because they are looking for drought tolerant lawns & plants with our rainfall being what it is.

  2. says

    Kathy your 4 questions about a plant are so important and why I moved to natives…they seem to answer yes to those questions easily…and I love the garden beds you have there…gorgeous.

  3. says

    I’ve slowly been eliminating our lawn since we moved into our home four years ago. I’ve almost rid the front lawn entirely – this will be the year to mulch right up to the sidewalk! I met a fellow villager a couple weeks ago and tried to describe the house where we lived and he said, “Oh, you’re the gardener.” I took that as a great compliment!

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